The Moriori population was all but wiped out between 18, largely because of Taranaki Māori invasion and enslavement in the 1830s, although European diseases also contributed.
In 1862 only 101 survived, and the last known full-blooded Moriori died in 1933.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a Dominion.
Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.7 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders.
In addition, New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes.