This dramatic increase in the number of radiocarbon dates is driving the demand for a radiocarbon calibration program that spans the entire radiocarbon timescale from the present to 55,000 years BP.
New scientific research now shows that this was not the case and that the bones are all consistent with a date in the late 9 century. Excavations led by archaeologists Martin Biddle and Birthe Kjølbye-Biddle at St Wystan’s Church in Repton in the 1970s and 1980s discovered several Viking graves and a charnel deposit of nearly 300 people underneath a shallow mound in the vicarage garden.
Historical records state that the Viking Great Army wintered in Repton, Derbyshire, in 873 A. The mound appears to have been a burial monument linked to the Great Army.
Intriguingly, a boar’s tusk had been placed between his legs, and it has been suggested that the injury may have severed his penis or testicles, and that the tusk was there to replace what he had lost in preparation for the after-world.
The new dates now show that these burials could be consistent with members of the Viking Great Army.
It is used in dating things such as bone, cloth, wood and plant fibers that were created in the relatively recent past by human activities.