Chile also has a large Palestinian community (some 300,000 persons, the largest outside Palestine).
The indigenous population represents some 7 percent of the population.
The high Andes peaks constitute its natural frontier with Bolivia and Argentina.
To the south, the cold waters of the Drake Sea announce the nearness of Antarctica.
While the northern region is extremely dry (including the great Atacama Desert and numerous places where no rain has ever been recorded), the central region is a fertile area with a mild climate.